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CPA Exam Changes Guide

The AICPA recently released the 2021 CPA Exam Blueprint changes and included significant changes to the AUD and BEC sections. Read our News Blog for more information!

How did the CPA Exam change in 2021?

In 2020, the CPA Exam had few changes; the most notable change was the introduction of the CARES Act to the REG section effective in Q4 of 2020. In 2021, the CPA Exam underwent additional changes, mainly to the AUD and BEC sections, with minor revisions to the remaining two sections, FAR and REG.

The CPA Exam changes regularly. Gleim CPA Review takes new pronouncements, law changes, and the AICPA Blueprints into account when developing our materials, so there is nothing for you to worry about. In other words, you don’t need to stress about learning each of the Blueprint changes because Gleim updates your CPA review materials based on all of these changes.

But if you want to keep up with the landscape of CPA Exam changes, read on!

Upcoming CPA Exam Changes

2022 Changes

The CPA Exam changes scheduled for 2022 appear to be the routine changes resulting from new laws, rules, and regulations. The AICPA updates the CPA Exam annually to amend sections, add new topics and remove older topics. Listed below are the content changes that you can expect to see on the CPA Exam effective January 1, 2022. Effective January 1, 2022, the only changes will be to the AUD section. FAR, REG and BEC will not see any changes to their content areas.

2022 AUD Changes

Effective January 1, 2022, the AUD section of the CPA Exam will be updated to reflect updates to SAS Nos. 134-140 and SSARS No. 25. These updates include:

  • Updating the assertions model
  • Changes to the format of the auditor’s report
  • Guidance on reporting key audit matters (KAMs)
  • Guidance for reporting on “other information” contained in annual reports
  • Aligning several standards more closely to those of the PCAOB
  • Replacing the definition of “materiality”
  • Changes to the format of the practitioner’s review report
  • Guidance on forming an adverse conclusion in a review report

Current CPA Exam Changes

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2021 Blueprint Changes

Early in 2020, the AICPA announced upcoming changes to the CPA Exam Blueprints due to the 2019 Practice Analysis, which focused on the duties of newly-licensed CPAs and their expected skill levels. The AICPA released those new Blueprints with an effective testing date of July 1, 2021.

Changes are predominately in the AUD and BEC sections, with minor revisions in FAR and REG. Read below to see the specifics for each section.

 

2021 AUD Changes

The AUD section of the CPA Exam had some of the more significant changes that took effect as of July 1, 2021.

The AUD section of the CPA Exam saw changes to the content area and skill allocation weightings effective July 1, 2021.

  • Area II – Assessing Risk and Developing a Planned Response changed to 25-35% of your exam.

  • Area IV – Forming Conclusions and Reporting changed to 10-20%.

  • The Analysis skill allocation increased to 20-30% of your exam.

  • The Remembering and Understanding skill allocation decreased to 25-35%.

What did all of that mean? You probably saw more content being tested with Task-Based Simulations and less with Multiple-Choice Questions. This does not mean you saw a change in the number of MCQs or TBSs; it just means that more content was being tested at a higher skill level.

Each area of the AUD Blueprint saw changes to the representative task statements as well as some of the content topic areas. Of those changes, the most significant include the following:

  • Area II, topic C.2. has been changed to Business processes and the design of internal controls, including IT systems. The representative tasks for this content area were also updated, supporting the need for increased knowledge in the area of overall business processes.

  • Area II, topic C.4. – Information Technology (IT) general and application controls has been removed.

  • Area II, topic G. – Planning for and using the work of others saw some changes in the representative tasks, with focus on the IT audit function.

  • Area III – Performing Further Procedures and Obtaining Evidence saw significant changes to the topic areas and the representative task statements. This area has been updated to include more data analytics, an area that has been alluded to for the past year.

  • Area IV – Forming Conclusions and Reporting saw minor changes in the topic areas and representative task statements.

You can rest assured that your Gleim study materials will always contain the most up-to-date information in order to prepare you for the CPA Exam. For more detailed information on the AUD Blueprint changes, check out our AUD resource page.

2021 BEC Changes

The BEC section of the CPA Exam also has some of the more significant changes taking place as of July 1, 2021.

The BEC section of the CPA Exam will see changes to the content weightings effective July 1, 2021.

  • Area I – Corporate Governance has been renamed Enterprise Risk Management, Internal Controls and Business Processes. Its content weighting has been changed to 20-30% (previously 17-27%).
  • Area II –Economics has an amended content weight of 15-25% (previously 17-27%).
  • Area III – Financial Management has an amended content weight of 10-20% (previously 11-21%).

There are no changes to the skill allocation weightings.

While there are changes to all areas in the updated BEC blueprints, the most significant changes take place in Area IV – Information Technology. Changes have been made to support the increased emphasis of data analytics, including new topic areas and new representative task statements. There is an entirely new topic area titled Data management and relationships, which includes several task statements providing guidance on how testing will take place within this content area.

You can rest assured that your Gleim study materials will always contain the most up-to-date information in order to prepare you for the CPA Exam. For more detailed information on the BEC Blueprint changes, see our BEC resource page.

2021 FAR Changes

The FAR section of the CPA Exam only had minor revisions to the content areas taking place as of July 1, 2021.

The FAR section of the CPA Exam saw the elimination of the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) framework and the IFRS versus U.S. GAAP content area. There were no changes to the content or skill allocation weightings in this section.

  • Area I – Conceptual Framework, Standard-Setting and Financial Reporting, topics B.8. – Discontinued operations and B.9. – Going concern have been removed.

  • Area II – Select Financial Statement Accounts saw some minor revisions within the representative task statements in topic G.

  • The title for Area II, topic K., was changed to Stock compensation (share-based payments) (previously Compensation and benefits).

  • In Area III – Select Transactions, topic D. – Derivatives and hedge accounting, two representative task statements were removed.

You can rest assured that your Gleim study materials will always contain the most up-to-date information to prepare you for the CPA Exam. For more detailed information on the FAR Blueprint changes, see our FAR resource page.

2021 REG Changes

The REG section of the CPA Exam only had minor revisions to the content areas taking place as of July 1, 2021.

The REG section of the CPA Exam saw the elimination of estate taxation as well as the removal of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from the authoritative references.

  • Area II – Business Law includes changes to representative task statements in topic C. – Debtor-creditor relationships and topic D., now titled Federal laws and regulations (previously Government regulation of business).

  • In Area III – Federal Taxation of Property Transactions, topic C., all task statements referencing estate taxation have been removed.

  • Area IV – Federal Taxation of Individuals, topic H. – Alternative minimum tax has been removed.

  • Area V – Federal Taxation of Entities, includes the removal of several representative task statements in topics C.2., D.2., E.1., and G. Topic H.2. – Obtaining and maintaining tax-exempt status, has been removed entirely.

You can rest assured that your Gleim study materials will always contain the most up-to-date information in order to prepare you for the CPA Exam. For more detailed information on the REG Blueprint changes, see our REG resource page.

2020 Changes

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On July 1, 2020, the REG section of the CPA Exam was updated to include updates related to the SECURE Act of 2019 and the Taxpayer Certainty and Disaster Relief Act of 2019, along with updates in BEC related to COSO & COBIT. REG updates related to the CARES Act began on October 1, 2020.

2020 Exam interface and administration changes

As of July 1, 2020, the CPA Exam implemented continuous testing for all jurisdictions except South Carolina. NASBA is working with the South Carolina board and government to institute continuous testing.

Continuous testing

Continuous testing means candidates can test anytime—there are no blackout dates on the exam calendar. However, the AICPA has reserved the right to add a blackout period as necessary (typically, this will be the last week of the calendar quarter) to update the exam software and make other important changes.

  • Scores will continue to be released approximately four times per quarter. The AICPA will announce score release dates as they become available.

  • Candidates who need to retake a section will be able to reapply for an NTS as soon as they receive their score, and the reapplication should take under 72 hours to process.

  • Candidates may be able to retake a section within the same quarter depending on when they took their previous exam and when they received their score.

New Pronouncements

Previously, the AICPA updated the exam between windows. Since there are no longer “testing windows,” the AICPA will update the exam based on the calendar quarter.

The timing and frequency of updates remains more or less the same, usually spanning 6 months to a year between announcement and implementation. There is a minimum of 6 months before a new pronouncement can become testable.

  • Auditing and accounting pronouncements will become testable the later of the first quarter after the pronouncement’s earliest mandatory effective date or the first calendar quarter beginning 6 months after the pronouncement’s issuance date.

  • For Internal Revenue Code and federal tax regulations, changes will be testable the calendar quarter beginning 6 months after the change’s effective date.

  • Other federal laws will become testable 1 year after their adoption by the simple majority of the jurisdictions.

  • For all other topics, changes are eligible for testing the later of the first quarter after the earliest mandatory effective date (regardless of entity type) or 6 months after the issuance date.

All about CPA Exam changes

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Why does the CPA Exam change?

The AICPA regularly revises sections, adds new topics, and removes outdated topics to make sure it reflects the latest professional standards and regulations of the following governing bodies:

Taking advantage of new technologies and improving the testing experience sometimes changes the interface or other administration elements of the CPA Exam.

Many of the changes are minor changes that improve how information is presented or clarify topics and testing material.

What are the CPA Exam Blueprints?

The CPA Exam Blueprints are a breakdown of the knowledge and skills the AICPA has deemed necessary for Certified Public Accountants. The AICPA uses these Blueprints when creating the CPA Exam and releases them as study guides for CPA candidates.

The AICPA usually releases CPA Exam Blueprints once or twice a year, and the changes do not go into effect immediately.

Within the Blueprints you will find

  • Exam topics along with their relative score weight
  • Sample tasks within each exam topic
  • Administration information on each exam, such as question numbers and score information

The most important thing to remember is that the Blueprints are not an exam rubric. They present sample tasks, but they are not limited to only testing the content areas with those tasks. Equally important: not every topic on the Blueprint will be tested on every CPA Exam.

Past CPA Exam changes

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Gleim is committed to providing you with all the materials you need to pass the CPA Exam the first time, so you can rest assured that you don’t need to comb through an archive of exam changes to figure out everything that has changed over the years. With Gleim, you can be certain that there will be no exam-day surprises.

Check out our free CPA Exam Guide for everything you need to know about the CPA certification, including the most up-to-date information regarding the format and interface of the CPA Exam.

CPA Evolution Project

In June 2019, NASBA announced plans for their CPA transition initiative to help CPA candidates transition to the new format of the CPA Exam. In June 2019, the AICPA and NASBA announced an initiative to update the CPA Exam to match the growing demands placed on newly-licensed CPAs. On July 27, 2020, the NASBA Board of Directors voted unanimously to advance the CPA Evolution initiative.

The new CPA Exam will test a “CORE” set of skills required for all candidates. In lieu of the current BEC section, candidates will choose a “Discipline” in which to demonstrate deeper skills and knowledge: Business Analysis and Reporting (BAR), Information Systems and Controls (ISC), or Tax Compliance and Planning (TCP). The new CPA Exam is expected to be no longer than the current 16 hours and will remain split into 4 exams, including one for the chosen Discipline. For more information on the new exams, keep an eye on our CPA Evolution Update Blog.

Current CPA Exam candidates should not be affected. The exam is not expected to change until January 2024 at the earliest. However, those just beginning their studies and new accounting students should pay attention to the exam’s education requirements. A new model for an accounting curriculum in line with the CPA Evolution updates was unveiled in June 2021.

A practice analysis is currently underway to determine the content of the new exams, and it is expected to be complete by July 2022. Following the completion of the practice analysis, new Blueprints should be released in January 2023 that will provide more specific information on what will be covered in the new exam. The launch date of the new CPA Exam is currently scheduled for January 2024.

As a CPA Exam candidate, you may find yourself starting your exam process under the current exam but finishing under the new exam, which is scheduled to launch in January 2024. Do you know how the CPA Evolution will impact your exam plans? NASBA has been working hard in coordination with the State Boards of Accountancy to establish a transition policy for candidates who find themselves in such a position. The goal of their transition policy is to ensure that CPA candidates are not penalized for exam sections already passed within their 18-month window and that exam costs are not increased. As soon as NASBA releases the finalized transition policy, we will update everyone.

Gleim continues to monitor the progress of the CPA Evolution initiative, and we will update our course in plenty of time for the new exam.

Keeping up with the CPA Exam changes

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The CPA Exam changes every year, sometimes more than once. It can be hard to determine which changes are important, so let us do the work for you! Our free CPA Exam Guide includes everything you need to know about the CPA Exam. Studying with Gleim CPA Review means you never need to worry about CPA Exam changes—we always have you covered.